The comprehensive Jain symbol consists of a
Jain emblem, crescent of the moon, three dots, the
Swastika, ther Om, the palm of a hand with the wheel (Chakra) inset, and an outline figure encompassing all
symbols and several other symbols. Each individual symbol is also separately used in Jainism.
During the auspicious 2500th Nirvana anniversary of Lord Mahavir Swami
in 1975, the Jain community chose one image as an emblem for the Jain religion.
This emblem represents the dedication and trust for the religion and the values
and many important concepts to show the path to enlightenment by following the basic principles of AHIMSA
The Jain emblem is composed of many fundamental concepts and symbols. The
outline of the image represents the universe as described in Jain scriptures.
The Jain emblem consists of three LOKS (realms). The upper portion indicates URDHAVA LOK
(heaven), the middle portion indicates MADHYALOK (material world) and the lower
portion indicates ADHOLOK (hell).
According to Gommatsara - Jiva-Khand the Loka (Universe) is 14
Rajus high at the base, with a thickness at the base is 7
Rajus, then gradually decreases to one Rajus at a height of 7
Rajus, i.e. at the Middle of the Universe where the Middle
World or the region of the human and subhuman being is
situated. Then it gradually grows to a thickness of 5 Rajus at
the point where the sixth Heavens ends, and which marks the
Middle of the Upper World, or the region of the heavenly
beings; finally it gradually decreases to a thickness of one
Rajus at the top of the Universe. It is here, that the Sidha
Ksetra, or the region of the eternally liberated souls is situated. (See the figure given here)
In the Jain emblem the semi-circular on the topmost portion symbolizes SIDDHASHILA, which is a zone beyond
the three realms. All of the Siddhas or the liberated bodiless
souls reside on this forever, liberated from the cycle of life and death.
The three dots on the top of emblem symbolizes TRIRATNA (three jewels) – SAMYAK DARSHAN (right belief), SAMYAK GYAN
(right knowledge), & SAMYAK CHARITRA (right conduct). Every creature in this world can become free from the cycle of life and death. This gives the message
that it is necessary to have TRIRATNA in order to attain MOKSHA.These dots also represent the three worlds: the lower region including hells, the upper region including heavens, and the middle region which includes earth. All worldly (non-liberated) souls take birth, live, die, and suffer (pains or pleasures) in
these three worlds.
(realms) or Universe described in
SWASTIKA: In the top portion, four arms of SWASTIKA symbolizes the four GATI (destiny):
NARAK (demon), TRIYANCH (animal), MANUSHYA (human) and DEV (angel). It
represents the perpetual nature of the universe in the MADHYALOK (material
world), where a creature is destined to one of those states based on their
Karmas (deeds). It also represents the four columns of the Jain Sangh
(community): Sadhus, Sadhvis, Shravaks and Shravikas - monks, nuns, female and
male laymen. It also represents the four characteristics of the soul: infinite
knowledge (Anant Jnan), infinite perception (Anant Darshan), infinite happiness
(Anant Sukh), and infinite energy (Anant Virya).
The symbol of hand in the lower portion shows fearlessness and symbolize the
feeling of AHIMSA (non-violence ) towards all the creatures in this world. The
circle in the middle of the hand symbolizes SAMASARA (reincarnation cycle) and
the 24 spokes represents the preaching from the 24 Tirthankars (enlightened
souls), which can be used to liberate a soul from the cycle or reincarnation.
The meaning of the mantra at the bottom of mblem (PARSPAROGRAHO JIVANAM) is "Live and Let
Live". All creatures should help one another.
The wheel of dharma
(Chakra) with 24 spokes represents the religion preached by the 24 Tirthankars consisting of nonviolence
(Ahimsä), compassion, Anekäntvaad, Aparigraha and other virtues, and equality of all the souls.
The symbol of hand
The Swastika is a sacred symbol in Jainism. The four sides of
Swastika symbolize the four forms of existence of the worldly (non-liberated) souls. The four forms are; heavenly beings, human, Tiryanch (which includes animals, birds, and plants), and hellish beings.
It reminds us that worldly souls undergo a continuous cycle of birth, suffering, and death in these four forms. Hence one should follow the true religion and be liberated from
The three dots represent the Jain path of liberation (Jain trinity): Right Faith (Samyak
Darshan), Right Knowledge (Samyak Jnäna), and Right Conduct (Samyak
Chäritra), which together lead to liberation.
The crescent of the moon represents the region known as Moksha. This region is beyond the three worlds and it is the permanent place where the liberated souls reside.
The Sanskrit word Om is made up of five sounds and letters; a, a, ä, u, and m: The first letter "a" represents Arihants (human beings who have eradicated all four Ghäti Karma. It includes Tirthankars who have established
religious order) · The second "a" represents A-shareeri (A-shareeri means without
physical body, liberated soul or Siddha or perfected being). The third letters "ä" represents Ächärya (Ascetic who is the head of
congregation). The fourth letter "u" represents Upädhyäy (Ascetic teacher)
The fifth letter "m" represents Muni (Sädhu/Sädhvi or monks/ nuns who
are initiated (who have taken Dikshä) by taking five Mahävrat (great vows)).
Hence the Om represents the salutation to the five revered personalities in the Jain religion. Om is a short form of the Namokar
These are eight auspicious symbols
Swastika, Shrivasta (an auspicious sign on the chest), Nandhyavarta (complex swastika),
Vardhamanaka, Bhadrasana (a holy seat), Kalasha (Holy pitcher), Minyugala
(Fish-couple) and Darpana (Mirror). They have been auspicious since time immemorial and have been depicted in the Kalpasutra. According to the scriptures every Jain has to draw them with pure un-broken rice-grains before the icon of the Tirthankar. Some have reduced this custom to the drawing of a swastika, along with three heaps of rice-grain symbolising knowledge, vision and character.
Each Tirthankara has a symbol of their own for their unique identification.
The symbols that are found in the centre right below each statue signify the particular Tirthankara.
Flags used as red for Siddh, yellow for Acharya, white for Arihant, green for Upadhyay and blue for Sadhu.
Dduring the temple's anniversary the flag is placed on the 'mountain'
(shikhar) of the temple. This flag is unique and different from the other types of flags. The flag is very long and dangling.